According to legend, the Golden Bear was a large golden Ursus arctos. Members of the Ursus arctos (Brown Bear) species can reach masses of 130–700 kilograms (290–1,540 lb). The Grizzly Bear (Ursus arctos horribilis) and the Kodiak Bear are North American subspecies of the Brown Bear.
A great Golden Bear was reported in the area of Turner, Kansas. According to John Gardiner in 1831, it was feared and admired by the local Indian population. The bear lived south of the river in the hills west of the Methodist Mission. According to legend, it was the largest bear that any of the natives had ever seen. It would raid the settlements of the area folks and feasted on the animals owned by the local population (the Shawnee tribe). Many of the Indians wanted to kill the bear for the pride of such a feat and the capture of its hide (the fur was most sought after). The Golden Bear was seen several times by the ferry crew on the Old Grinter Ferry during the 1830s and 1840s. Both the Shawnee and the Wyandot gathered a hunting party, but were unsuccessful in tracking the bear down.
The "Golden Bear" became the mascot for Turner High School and was adopted by the community in 1886. Two members of the community, Warren Hewitt and Jule Gaignet, submitted the icon and it won the majority of support in a contest. Reportedly, the two youths had heard of the bear from stories told by their grandparents. This icon is based on legends of that golden bear.
Western New England College adopted the Golden Bear as its mascot in the early 1950s.
Sierra Pacific High School In Hanford, California adopted the Golden Bear as its mascot when it opened in 2009.